scoliosis treatment in lahore
scoliosis treatment in lahore


Scoliosis is a medical condition characterized by an abnormal curvature of the spine. Normally, the spine has gentle curves that help provide strength, flexibility, and balance. However, in scoliosis, the spine curves sideways, forming an "S" or "C" shape instead of its typical straight alignment.

Scoliosis can affect people of all ages, but it most commonly develops during the growth spurt that occurs just before puberty. The causes of scoliosis can vary:

1. Idiopathic scoliosis: This is the most common type, accounting for about 80% of cases. Idiopathic scoliosis has no known cause but is believed to involve a combination of genetic factors and abnormal bone growth.

2. Congenital scoliosis: This type is present at birth and occurs due to abnormal spinal development in the womb. It is often caused by vertebral abnormalities or fusion of the spinal bones.

3. Neuromuscular scoliosis: It is associated with underlying neuromuscular conditions such as cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, or spinal cord abnormalities. These conditions can cause muscle imbalance and uneven pressure on the spine, leading to scoliosis.

4. Degenerative scoliosis: This occurs later in life as a result of age-related wear and tear on the spinal discs and joints. Degenerative changes can cause the spine to curve and may be exacerbated by conditions like osteoporosis.

The symptoms of scoliosis can vary depending on the severity of the curvature. Mild cases may not produce noticeable symptoms, while more severe cases can cause:

  1. Visible spinal curvature: The spine may appear curved, with the shoulders, ribs, or hips appearing uneven or asymmetrical.

  2. Uneven shoulder or hip height: One shoulder or hip may be higher than the other.

  3. Back pain: Some individuals with scoliosis may experience back pain, particularly in cases where the curvature is significant or affects the alignment of the body.

  4. Limited mobility: In severe cases, scoliosis can restrict the movement of the spine and affect a person's ability to twist or bend.

Diagnosis of scoliosis typically involves a physical examination, medical history review, and imaging tests such as X-rays or MRI scans to evaluate the curvature of the spine and determine its severity. Treatment options depend on factors such as the age of the individual, the severity of the curvature, and the likelihood of progression. Mild cases may require observation and monitoring, while more severe cases may involve bracing or surgical intervention to correct or stabilize the curvature and prevent further progression. Physical therapy and exercise can also help improve posture, strengthen the muscles supporting the spine, and alleviate pain.

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